Breast cancer is a type of malignancy that occurs in the cells of the breasts. After blood and skin cancer, this cancer type is regarded as the most common type of disease diagnosed in India. Symptoms of this cancer type are not much visible during its initial stage. However, if you feel development of lumps or changes in the shape and texture of the breasts, it is highly advised to get a blood test for breast cancer done immediately. Signs and Symptoms Some noteworthy signs and symptoms are as follows:- Occurrence of lump or thickening in the breasts. Abnormal changes in the size, shape or appearance of the bosom. A newly inverted nipple. Peeling, scaling or flaking of the skin surrounding the areola. A person experiencing the symptoms as mentioned above should immediately visit the doctor and get tested against breast cancer. Every pathology lab in Delhi offers the service of breast cancer tests. Today, you can also avail breast cancer test online service in the most convenient driven manner. Risk factors Involved A plethora of factors increase the chances of a woman suffering from this disease. Some of these are listed below:- Increasing age If you have a personal/family history of breast cancer If you have had an exposure to radiation Obesity Beginning of period at a younger age Conceiving at an older age Excessive alcohol consumption Breast Cancer Diagnosis Tests When a person experiences strong symptoms of breast cancer, the following tests and diagnostic procedures are performed or recommended. Examination – This is typically the first step. A doctor examines both the breasts, the lymph nodes in the armpits and other related abnormalities. Mammogram – A mammogram is a kind of X-ray which is commonly used for the examination of the breasts for the presence of atypical masses. If any abnormality is diagnosed, the doctor will recommend further tests for evaluating the condition. Blood test for breast cancer – Some common blood tests include – BRCA1/BRCA2, HER2/heu, Oestrogen Receptor or Progesterone receptor, CA15-3 or CA27.29, etc. Ultrasound – An ultrasound is performed to determine whether the detected breast lump is a solid-mass or a fluid-filled cyst. Biopsy – Biopsy is a definitive way to determine whether the sample breast cells are cancerous in nature or not. It also helps in the detection of whether or not the cells contain hormone receptors and aggressiveness (grade) of cancer. MRI Scan – In this, the MRI machine uses a magnet and radio waves to create interior images of the breasts and check for the presence of malignancies. Some other breast cancer diagnosis and tests include Complete blood count test, Bone Scan, Computerized Tomography, and Positron Emission Tomography scan. Treatment options include – Radiation therapy, Chemotherapy, Hormone therapy, medications and drugs, gentle regular exercises, opting for stress control management techniques such as – muscle relaxation, visualization, spending time with family and friends, etc.
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